Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms & Types

According to a survey conducted by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) last year, approximately 10.5% of Singapore’s population suffers from diabetes. This figure is the second-highest among developed nations, behind the United States (10.7%).

A National Health Survey done by the Ministry of Health in 2010 shows that 1 in every 9 Singaporeans between the ages of 18 – 69 are affected by diabetes. Diabetes is also among the top ten causes of death in Singapore, leading to more than 2% of total deaths every year.

Symptoms of diabetes

Symptoms of diabetes include but are not limited to:

  • Weakened eyesight
  • Frequent urination
  • Constant fatigue or weariness
  • Increased hunger and thirst
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Fast and unexplained loss of weight
  • Fungal infections that make the skin dry and itchy
  • Numbness in limbs
  • Nausea

It is highly recommended that you see your doctor if you are experiencing any of these symptoms, as elevated sugar levels in the blood get absorbed from your body and pose major risks to your health and safety.

What are the types of Diabetes?

Diabetes is classified into two types:

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes is detected during a woman’s pregnancy and usually results in hyperglycemia, meaning there is a higher level of glucose in the bloodstream.

The occurrence is higher for pregnant women with a family history of diabetes. Although temporary as it usually does not persist after delivery, it increases the mother’s risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in the future and may recur in future pregnancies.

How to Prevent Diabetes

In his National Day Rally in August 2017, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong emphasised how big a problem diabetes is, by calling it one of the three key long-term issues in Singapore. “The Government,” he said, “is scouting for long-term solutions to beat diabetes. However, personal choice and responsibility make all the difference to whether we get diabetes or not.”

While there is no cure for this silent killer, prevention is the best option one has against it. To prevent yourself from developing this ruthless disease, doctors recommend three basic lifestyle rules – have a proper diet, maintain a healthy weight, and exercise regularly. These basic lifestyle rules will not only prevent you from developing diabetes but also protect you against a host of other diseases related to the heart and mind.

Doctors also recommend abstaining from the use of cigarettes and consumption of alcohol, or at least limiting it to a low quantity.

Diabetic patients can still live long and healthy lives with proper self-care and medical assistance. Self-care includes taking extra care of your body, especially your feet and eyes, as diabetes makes them more prone to harm. Skin injuries should also be avoided if possible while dental care is important too. Besides self-care, any medication prescribed by the doctor should be taken at the exact time and in the exact dosage as mentioned.

Be aware of diabetes. Early detection, followed by treatment and good control of the condition can result in better outcomes.

 

Find out what are the Health Screenings available  Book Now

Comprehensive Female Health Screening Package $288

Medical Assessment
  • Pre-Health Screening Questionnaire
  • Medical History and Risk Profiling
  • Doctor’s Consultation
  • Physical Examination
  • Height and Weight
  • Body Mass Index
  • Blood Pressure Reading

Laboratory Tests
  • Haematology Profile
  • Diabetic Panel
  • Kidney Function Tests
  • Thyroid Function
  • Hepatitis A, B and C Profiles
  • Lipid Risk Profile
  • Liver Function Test
  • Bone and Joint Profile (includes RF)
  • Urine Analysis (Urinary Infection)
  • Cancer Markers (Liver, Colon, Pancreas, Breast and Ovarian Cancer)
  • Stool Occult Test
  • Pap Smear

Health Monitoring
  • Post Examination Review and Recommendations
  • Health Counselling
  • Lifestyle Counselling

Book Your Heath Screening

Schedule for a female health screening online today with MindChamps Medical.

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Comprehensive Male Health Screening Package $268

Medical Assessment
  • Pre-Health Screening Questionnaire
  • Medical History and Risk Profiling
  • Doctor’s Consultation
  • Physical Examination
  • Height and Weight
  • Body Mass Index
  • Blood Pressure Reading

Laboratory Tests
  • Haematology Profile
  • Diabetic Panel
  • Kidney Function Tests
  • Thyroid Function
  • Hepatitis A, B and C Profiles
  • Lipid Risk Profile
  • Liver Function Test
  • Bone and Joint Profile (includes RF)
  • Urine Analysis (Urinary Infection)
  • Cancer Markers (Liver, Colon, Pancreas and Prostate Cancer)
  • Stool Occult Test

Health Monitoring
  • Post Examination Review and Recommendations
  • Health Counselling
  • Lifestyle Counselling

Book Your Heath Screening

Schedule for a male health screening online today with MindChamps Medical.

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Comprehensive Children Health Screening Package $148

(3 years old & above)

Clinical Examination
  • Developmental Milestones
  • Growth Assessment
  • Spinal Screening
  • Medical History and Risk Profiling

Laboratory Tests
  • Eyes and Ears
  • Cardiovascular Health
  • Respiratory Health
  • Gastrointestinal Health
  • Musculo-skeletal Health
  • Neurological Health

Clinical Measurement
  • Blood Glucose Meter Screening
  • Urine Screening

Immunisation
  • Evaluation of Immunisation Schedule in Health Booklet
  • Follow-up Immunisation

Book Your Child's Heath Screening

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All You Need To Know About Prostate Cancer

Affecting 3,694 men from 2010 to 2014, prostate cancer is the third most common cancer among Singapore men. It is also the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths locally.

Q: Where is the prostate gland located and what is its function?

Though small as the size of a walnut, the prostate gland which surrounds the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body) and sits just below the bladder and the opening of the vas deferens (tube that ferry sperm up from the testicles to the urethra), produces a thick, white fluid that is mixed with sperm to create semen that is important for the reproductive process.

Q: What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

Symptoms that may affect any man include:

  • pain in the pelvis, genitals, lower back and buttocks
  • pain during urination
  • a frequent need to urinate
  • difficulty urinating
  • pain when ejaculating
  • pain in the perineum (the area between the anus and scrotum)

The symptoms that affect mainly men over 50, as well as symptoms of prostate cancer in its late stages, are similar. They are:

  • enlargement of the prostate
  • difficulty starting or stopping urinating
  • a weak flow of urine
  • straining when peeing
  • feeling like you’re not able to fully empty your bladder
  • prolonged dribbling after you’ve finished urinating
  • needing to urinate more frequently or more suddenly
  • waking up frequently during the night to urinate

Q: What are the factors that increase the risk of prostate cancer?

  • Age – The risk increases as you age.
  • Ethnicity – Generally, men of African descent have a higher risk of prostate cancer than Caucasian men. They are also more likely to develop prostate cancer at an earlier age and to have aggressive tumours that grow quickly. However, in recent years, more and more Asian men are diagnosed with prostate cancer, particularly among those who have a lifestyle with less physical activity and a less healthy diet.
  • Genetics – A family history of prostate cancer or breast cancer is a major risk factor.
  • Obesity – Prostate cancer is more difficult to treat when the patient is obese, due to other advanced diseases linked to obesity.

Q: What are the stages of prostate cancer and what are the treatment options?

Like most types of cancers, there are four stages of prostate cancer. The stages define the extent of which the cancer has grown and spread.

Treatment options include surgery, radiation or systemic treatments. The options depend on several factors, such as how aggressively your cancer is spreading, to what extent it has spread and your overall health condition, as well as the benefits and the potential side effects of treatments.

In early stages of prostate cancer, immediate treatment may not be necessary. Your doctor may advise you to actively monitor your condition instead of starting treatment right away.

Q: Are there certain foods or diets that men should avoid to lower the risk of prostate cancer?

Diets that are high in saturated animal fats and red meat are associated with a high incidence of prostate cancer. Eating less animal fat and more of fruits and vegetables coupled with regular exercises is recommended.

Q: Do you have any other advice for men who are at risk of prostate cancer? 

It is important for you to see your GP if you have any of the above symptoms to rule out cancer. The chances of survival are generally good if diagnosed at an early stage. Most men with early prostate cancer may have no symptoms. In some cases, the cancer cells can grow quickly and spread to other parts of the body, such as the bones. Therefore, regular health screenings are a must, to ensure that any conditions are detected as early as possible.

 

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TRAVEL TIPS

Drink Water From Trusted Source

Drinking water from a bottle with a straw rather than from a glass with ice. Avoid consuming liquids with ice unless they are made from boiled water. Boiling water at least 3 minutes can eliminate contaminants. Alternatively, you may choose to use water purification tablets which kill micro-organisms.

Raw Food

Whenever possible, eat thoroughly cooked foods that are served hot. Avoid any raw food if you can. If you love raw food, always consume from a reputable source.

Shield Yourself From Insect Bites

Some insect carry arthropod-borne diseases. Use an insect repellent if you go outdoors. Insects like mosquitos tend to be more active at early morning and early evening.

Hand Hygiene

It is important to observe proper hand hygiene. Always wash your hands with soap before any meals. If water is unavailable, it is essential to have alcohol-based hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.

Travel Insurance

Do ensure that you travel with insurance and have the proper documents on hand. Travel Insurance may cover hospital treatment, medical consultations etc… It is important to check with your insurance agent when you purchase a travel insurance.

Travel Documents

Always leave a copy of your travel documents with someone at home. This will allow someone who is not travelling to assist you whenever possible. It is also important that you stay in-contact with friends and relatives when travelling.

Find out what vaccination is available Make a Booking

TRAVEL PREVENTION

Planning for your next business or holiday trip? Before you jet off, do make plans to get the necessary travel medicines and vaccinations covered. MindChamps Medical provides a range of travel health service to protect your health. It is crucial that you consult your doctors 4-6 weeks before travelling for medical advice regarding travel vaccination and immunisations.
We provide the following travel health services:
Vaccinations and Medication

Travel Related Vaccines – Preventable Diseases

  • Cholera
  • Escherichia Coli (E. Coli)
  • Japanese Encephalitis (JE)
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Malaria
  • Rabies
  • Typhoid Fever
  • Yellow Fever

Routine Vaccine – Preventable Diseases

  • Cervical Cancer/ Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
    Diphtheria
  • Influenza (Seasonal)
    Measles
  • Mumps
  • Polio
  • Rubella
  • Tetanus
  • Varicella (Chicken Pox)
  • Shingles

 

 

 

Travel Consultation

We provide pre-travel consultation/evaluation

  • Holiday and Leisure Travel
  • Solo Business Trips
  • Corporate  Trips

Screening for Diseases

Post-Travel Screening and Treatment

  • Hepatitis
  • Malaria and other infection
  • Parasitic Infections
  • Travelers Diarrhoea
  • Other infections

Schedule your Travel Healthcare

You can now book your travel consultation or travel vaccination online today with MindChamps Medical.

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OTHER SERVICES

MindChamps Medical Clinic goes beyond health screening procedures. We offer a wide range of services for the entire family.
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Woman's Health
  • Contraception & Family Planning
  • Menstrual Problems
  • Menopause
  • Osteoporosis

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Pre-Employment Check Up
  • Employment/ Work Permit
  • Maid & Foreign Workers Check-up
  • Food Handler/ Hawker Check-up

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Babies and Children
  • Baby & Childhood Vaccination
  • Baby Rashes

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Senior Citizens
  • Diabetes & Cholesterol Check-up
  • Blood Pressure Check-up
  • Incontinence
  • Osteoporosis
  • Arthritis

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Travel Prevention
  • Travel Vaccination
  • Travel Medicine
  • Travel Consultation
  • Certification to fitness to fly
  • Screening for diseases

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Vaccinations
  • Hepatitis A & B
  • Meningitis, Pneumococcal
  • DPT (Diptheris, Tetanus, Pertusis) and Poliomyelitis
  • Infranrix 5 in 1
  • Hexa 6 in 1
  • MMR (Mumps, Measles, Rubella)
  • MMR-V
  • Rotavirus
  • Tetanus
  • Typhoid (Injection)
  • Flu Vaccination
  • Cervical Cancer

OUR LOCATIONS

 

MindChamps Medical @ OneKM

11 Tanjong Katong Road, OneKM Mall
#02-03, Singapore 437157
Tel: +65 6384 5644
Email: [email protected]

MindChamps Medical @ West Coast

1, West Coast Drive, NEWest
#01-23, Singapore 128020
Tel: +65 6255 4010/ +65 6255 4277
Email: [email protected]

Enquire now to find out more about our services or to book a medical appointment.

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